Here is How Fall Injuries in the Elderly Can Be Diminished
Fall injuries in medical facilities and nursing homes are a noteworthy threat to the life and well-being of their residents. Some fall injuries in the elderly can even induce traumatic brain damage leading to temporary unconsciousness, seizures and in the worse cases even resulting in death. During an overview of fall risks and how to avoid them, Merck Manuals noted that “falls reportedly contribute to over 40% of nursing home admissions … And, at least 50% of nursing home residents fall.”
Considering the fact that falls are a dangerous and possibly life-threatening form of injury for the elderly. Many nursing homes and other long-term care facilities tend to take preventive action to avoid fall injuries because many of their patients are prone to suffer severe fall injuries if the facilities don’t take the necessary precautions.
People who have fallen before are at a higher risk of falling again. Even though repetitive falls in these individuals are often caused by the same things, the falls can also be a sign of disease progression in cases like Parkinsonism and dementia, or other intense problems. The elderly in medical care facilities are inclined to falling and are likely to fall for several reasons. Those factors include but are not limited to conditions like gait and balance problems, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, poor vision, and muscles weakness.
While we are on the topic of preventing falls and maintaining balance with Parkinson’s disease, it’s absolutely necessary to mention that falls are the second most common cause of hospitalization in Parkinson’s patients. Some frequent injuries sustained during these falls include not only head and traumatic brain injuries but also hip and pelvic fractures, broken bones, and spinal injuries.
The objective is not just a matter of eliminating fall altogether because the reality is that falls happens in life and particularly with old age, apart from the fact that some conditions can increase the prospect. For that reason, the focus shouldn’t be on prevention only but importantly on diminishing the scope of the impact of the falls. As stated by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) “Prevention program emphasis should shift away from a focus on preventing falls as a measure of quality care to decreasing Fall-related injuries (FRIs).”
At this point, there has been plenty of evidence supporting the benefits of physical exercise for the elderly, and the activities do not need to be too aggressive. The types of exercises that are best suited for older people are often characterized as ‘moderate’. Even so, it’s always recommended that you speak with a health professional prior to starting any new physical activities to determine your limits. Aside from protective helmets, Plum’s protective knees, elbows, forearms, and shin guards are made for those who want to maintain their active lifestyles. It is never too late to adopt a slightly healthier lifestyle that can improve your balance and reduce your fall risk.